Introduce the book

Study on the application of Lenin’s theory and Ho Chi Minh’s ideas about state capitalism in the Hochiminh city’s present socio-economic development

ABOUT THE AUTHOR AND THE BOOK

Prof. Tran Van Giau

Hochiminh city, December 19, 1996 The author of this book, a doctor of economic sciences Nguyen Chon Trung, Vice-chairman of Hochiminh city Export processing and Industrial zones Authority (HEPZA), is a man who took part in the youth liberation movement of South Vietnam since 1960. After liberation, working in the most different fields, he accumulated enormous practical experience. Being a passionate scientific researcher, combining theory with practice of life, he boldly and resolutely followed Lenin’s doctrine and Ho Chi Minh’s ideas about State Capitalism (SC) at the time of still existing bureaucratic administration mechanism.
In the early 80-s, in the period of sharp crisis in socio-economic situation in Vietnam and in particular in Hochiminh city, he studied thoroughly Lenin’s doctrine and ideas of Ho Chi Minh about State Capitalism, applied them in analysis and estimation of situation, offered some methods for socio-economic development of Hochiminh city and of whole country as a contribution to Party’s efforts to overcome economic and social problems of that time.
During 1980-1982, at the Higher party school named after Nguyen Ai Quoc (presently it is the State political Academy named after Ho Chi Minh) in Hanoi, Nguyen Chon Trung choose exactly this topic for his diploma work: «Some ideas about application of several forms of State Capitalism in Hochiminh city». His diploma work was highly noticed by teachers and friends: in fact, in the days of the bureaucratic administrative system such a topic was considered risky.
After the VI Party Congress, the Congress of “doi moi”-“renovation of thought” (economic thought first of all), Nguyen Chon Trung had all conditions to continue to study the problem of application of Lenin’s state capitalism doctrine for the renovation of Vietnam. It was a support for the theory of building a multi-sector commodity market economy directed by socio-oriented state. That (i.e.), he applied Lenin’s doctrine on state capitalism to the real situation of Vietnam. Then he resumes his scientific research in the Institute of marxism-leninism and ideas of Ho Chi Minh, defends his dissertation titled as «Lenin’s doctrine on state capitalism and its application in Hochiminh city». The book in your hands is written on the basis of this dissertation.
I share the high estimation of professor of Nguyen Van Son: «The author expounded the fundamental ideas of Lenin’s theory about state capitalism, sparing his special attention to its role and place in the transitional period to socialism, to its scientific and revolution character, to the forms of state capitalism and their relative duration and to several other issues, relating to modern life, taking into account our different situation as in Soviet Russia in 1921.
The author also describes some measures undertaken for development of state capitalist economy in Hochiminh city in some periods, in particular after the VI                 All-Vietnam congress of Communist party of Vietnam, their lessons, successes and failures.
Basing on the lessons of Hochiminh city’s experience, the author proposes some realistic methods to solve the problems and to develop economic forms of state capitalism in Hochiminh city. The materials in a book are rather various, interesting and scientifically valuable.»
State capitalism in the economics of a certain socio-oriented developing country is a practical issue of the day, not only a problem of classic theory. For Lenin, it is a strategy of socio-economic development in a transitional period for a country with small-scale commodity production.
Although Lenin developed this issue more than 80 years ago and Ho Chi Minh did it 50 years ago, this is still a very actual task for us.
Although, in the end of the 20th century, we are facing some unprecedented historical challenges, but with our revolutionary traditions and 10-year experience of «open-door economy policy» we are sure that State Capitalism will contribute to success of renovation policy.
This book is a resolute and serious voice in support of the present general policy of the Party, State and Vietnamese people, especially in Hochiminh city. Therefore with my pleasure I recommend this book to Your attention.

SOME REFLECTIONS AFTER READING THE BOOK  “Study on the application of Lenin’s theory and Ho Chi Minh’s ideas about state capitalism in the Hochiminh city’s present socio-economic development ”  OF DOCTOR OF ECONOMIC SCIENCES NGUYEN CHON TRUNG

Prof. Nguyen Van Son
(Newspaper «Saigon Giai Phong», 1997)

During his studies in 1980-1982 at the Higher party school named after Nguyen Ai Quoc (presently – the State political Academy named after Ho Chi Minh, Hanoi), the student Nguyen Chon Trung suggested to defend diploma work titled as “Some ideas about application of several forms of State Capitalism in Hochiminh city”.
I understood quite clear that time, having bureaucratic administrative system, such a topic was not simply at all… However our faculty chieves (administration, leaders, deanship…) wanted to encourage independence of thought of the student and also to check up a new economic model in Hochiminh city. We accepted therefore.
I am really glad that after Party school, from 1982 and to 1994, Nguyen Chon Trung persistently continued to follow this topic. His appearances on conferences and articles in newspapers and magazines testify it. That is why he was invited to post-graduate study, and in 1996 he defended his candidate’s dissertation titled «Lenin’s doctrine about State capitalism and its application in Hochiminh city».
He recently published his book «Study on the application of Lenin’s theory and Ho Chi Minh’s ideas about state capitalism in the Hochiminh city’s present socio-economic development».
On more than 400 pages the author expounded the fundamental ideas of Lenin’s theory about state capitalism, sparing his special attention to its role and place in the transitional period to socialism, to its scientific and revolution character, to the forms of state capitalism and their relative duration and to several other issues, relating to modern life, taking into account our different situation as in Soviet Russia in 1921.
The author also describes some measures undertaken for development of state capitalist economy in Hochiminh city in some periods, in particular after the VI All-Vietnam congress of Communist party of Vietnam, their lessons, successes and failures.
Basing on the lessons of Hochiminh city’s experience, the author proposes some realistic methods to solve the problems and to develop economic forms of state capitalism in Hochiminh city. The materials in a book are rather various, interesting and scientifically valuable. I agree with the preface of this book written by Professor Tran Van Giau, in particular with his following idea:
« This book is a resolute and serious voice in support of the present general policy of the Party, State and Vietnamese people, especially in Hochiminh city».
This book can be recommended to students, teachers, professors and researchers. The attentive reading of this book can help to overcome discrepancies in opinions about state capitalism economy.

Hochiminh city, 5.03.1996
Vo Tran Chi
Member of Politburo of CC of CPV,
First secretary of CPV Hochiminh city Committee

Comrade Nguyen Chon Trung paid attention to the study of a very urgent issue in a modern situation – « Study on the application of Lenin’s theory and Ho Chi Minh’s ideas about state capitalism in Hochiminh city».
To the opinion of comrade of Chu Van Cap, associated professor, candidate of sciences, dean of the Socio-economic faculty of the State Political Academy named after Ho Chi Minh (Hanoi), «this dissertation has a theoretical and practical value, it is valuable as a research material for determination of policy and development guideline for state capitalism in Hochiminh city in particular and in an entire country on the whole».
This inspires us. I ask you, respected Members of Scientific Council, to support successful defence of dissertation of comrade Nguyen Chon Trung.
Successful defence of this dissertation topic will help to develop the theory and the practice of renovation policy conducted by our Party and State.

A WORD from the AUTHOR

In 1975-1978, Hochiminh city’s industry and trade were reformed stage-by-stage. However, along with success, we made some mistakes, even often brought our economy and society to the serious crisis, as was estimated at the VIth congress of CPV in 1986.
The people who worried about their country’s fortune were extreemly exited. In 1980, I entered the Central Party school in Hanoi. Having a modest theoretical level, I aimed to study marxism-leninism and ideas of Ho Chi Minh about a transitional period, so I choose a topic “Some ideas about application of several forms of State Capitalism in Hochiminh city”. In 1982, when I defended my diploma work, the members of the Scientific Council and other people had very different understanding of State Capitalism. That is why I went on and on propagandizing my conception on conferences, in magazines, applied it in my practical work. In 1994-1996, thanks to support of the Academy of marxism-leninism and ideas of Ho Chi Minh and thanks to the direct help of associated professor Vu Huu Ngoan, vice rector of Academy, ex-monitor of my diploma work in the Nguyen Ai Quoc Higher Party school, due to support of Party comrades and leading scientists, I could study this problem quite thoroughly and defended my candidate’s dissertation on the topic: «Lenin’s doctrine about the State capitalism and his application in Hochiminh city».
Dear reader, this book is the first for me, so I apologize for any failings and sincerely welcome your opinion for further perfection of this book.
I sincerely thank all Party comrades, scientists, friends and family who inspired me and helped to write this book.

Author

Part 1 – State Capitalism In The Capitalist States

One thought on “Introduce the book

  1. Hej,
    Vi är en grupp svenska studenter som studerar Internationella Relationer i Stockholms universitet. Vi tycker att denna webbplats har hjälp oss att veta mer om politik från en vietnamesisk perspektiv. Det är förvisso en mycket intressant fråga som svar på svårigheten att globala ekonomin att vi har just nu. Vi föreslår att en webbplats som denna borde läsa mer av studenter och även politiker från hela världen.

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